Pounamu: The Sacred Greenstone

Pounamu: The Sacred Greenstone

In Māori culture, Pounamu refers to a special type of greenstone that is highly valued by us. This exquisite stone holds deep spiritual significance and is often seen as a connection to the spiritual realm. Pounamu is typically carved into designs with symbolic meanings and can range from very small and simple to large and complex designs.


The Spiritual Essence of Pounamu

Pounamu, also known as New Zealand jade, is more than a mere ornamental stone. It's a tangible link to the spiritual realm, embodying the sacredness and spiritual power attributed to it by Māori lore. This exceptional stone, formed from nephrite jade found primarily in the South Island, is cherished for its unique green hues and intricate character. Each stone has its own whakapapa and just like whānau, stone from different areas have different unique attributes. 


Pounamu in Traditional Roles

Traditionally, Pounamu played a pivotal role in Māori society. It was used to craft tools and weapons, such as adzes and chisels, thanks to its remarkable hardness. But beyond its practical applications, Pounamu held profound spiritual significance. It was, and still is, passed down through generations as a taonga (treasure), symbolising the spiritual bond between family members and ancestors.


Blessing Pounamu: A Cultural Practice

An integral part of owning a Pounamu is the act of blessing it. The blessing process can vary; some may prefer traditional Māori blessings, while others may align their blessings with their religious beliefs. The key is in focusing the blessing around the intention from the gifter to the receiver, whether that’s protection, prosperity, connection with whānau, focusing on the intent for the gift is key. The blessing we use is a blend of contemporary and traditional karakia with no specific religious affiliation but works well to align the mauri (essense) of the stone to be received. 


The Tradition of Gifting Pounamu

Gifting Pounamu is a deeply meaningful act in Māori culture. It's not just about giving a gift but sharing a piece of heritage and spiritual energy. Such gifts are often exchanged to mark significant life events, symbolising the bonds of love and respect.


When Pounamu Breaks: Cultural Interpretations

In the event of a Pounamu breaking, Māori culture perceives it as a spiritual signal, an indication to pause and reflect. There are various ways to address a broken Pounamu, from returning it to nature to seeking restoration. The path chosen often reflects the individual's connection with the stone. This is often a good insight into where you are in life and may indicate that a different taonga would be better suited to your personal situation. 


The Art of Pounamu Carvings

Pounamu carvings are not merely decorative; they are laden with stories and meanings. Traditional designs like Manaia (a kaitiaki or guardian) or Pikorua, signifying the eternity of love and friendship, encapsulate the depth of Māori culture. Each design you choose adds to the ongoing narrative of the stone.


Preserving the Legacy of Pounamu

The preservation of Pounamu is a cultural imperative. Māori artisans and guardians work diligently to ensure ethical sourcing and respectful craftsmanship, maintaining traditional protocols to honour this sacred stone. This stewardship guarantees that Pounamu remains a vibrant symbol of Māori identity and spirituality for generations to come.


Pounamu: More Than Just a Stone

Ultimately, Pounamu embodies the harmony between the physical and spiritual worlds, a hallmark of the Māori worldview. Its role in healing, spiritual guidance, and cultural expression transcends time. Pounamu is not just a stone; it's a legacy carved in green, a treasure for the world to revere and cherish.


Pounamu is more than a greenstone; it's a living testament to our people and the profound connection with the land, our ancestors, and the spiritual realm. Its journey from the heart of Aotearoa to the world embodies our enduring legacy. In each carved piece or worn jewellery, Pounamu continues to narrate our stories, beliefs, and aspirations, making it a global treasure to cherish and honour.

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